О торговых связях города на плато Эски-Кермен с Херсоном (по материалам строительной керамики) / On trade relations of the City on the Plateau of Eski-Kermen with Cherson (data from building ceramics)
- Resource Type
- ACADEMIC JOURNAL
- Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 145-164 (2017)
- Southwest Crimea; Eski-Kermen; Chersonesos; medieval roof tiles; relief marks; production and trade; trade routes; Archaeology
The article is the first description of the complex of roof tiles of the 1st group according to the Chersonesian classification, discovered during the excavations of the urban quarter at the Eski-Kermen plateau in 2003—2008, 2013, 2015—2017 (headed by A. I. Aibabin and E. A. Khayredinova). It was argued that this group of roof tiles was made in the medieval Cherson or in its neighborhood. In the excavated part of the Eski-Kermena quarter, its volume was 9.7 % of the total number of tiles. The most of this group of tiles was found in the layers of destruction of the manor houses II and III. Probably shortly before the destruction of the quarter in the late 13th century, the tile imported from Cherson was used for the reconstruction of the roofs of these manors. Many ceramides had relief marks in the form of Greek letters, symbols, images of animals, birds and humans. Some of them are identical to the roof tiles from the excavations of Cherson. Thus, the tile, along with other handicraft products, was a part of the range of goods brought from Cherson to the Eski-Kermen plateau.