학술논문

Validation of Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy in Robotic Endometrial Cancer Staging Surgery: Results From a High-Volume Center in India.
Document Type
Article
Source
JCO Global Oncology. 11/2/2023, Vol. 9, p1-5. 5p.
Subject
*LYMPHADENECTOMY
*ENDOMETRIAL surgery
*SENTINEL lymph node biopsy
*ENDOMETRIAL cancer
*ONCOLOGIC surgery
*TUMOR classification
*SENTINEL lymph nodes
Language
ISSN
2687-8941
Abstract
PURPOSE: Lymph node involvement is one of the most important factors influencing recurrence and survival in patients with endometrial cancer (EC). However, the therapeutic role of lymphadenectomy in early-stage disease has been called into question. Sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping may be an acceptable alternative to omitting lymphadenectomy or performing a complete lymphadenectomy in patients with EC. To validate SLN biopsy (SLNB) using indocyanine green (ICG) dye and near-infrared imaging in the background of comprehensive lymphadenectomy in patients with EC undergoing robotic staging surgery at Tata Medical Center. METHODS: This was a single-center, prospective observational study involving patients with EC undergoing robotic staging. Patients received a standardized cervical injection of ICG at the 3- and 9-o'clock positions, with the dye reinjected if mapping failed. Depending on preoperative histology and radiological staging, patients had SLNB or comprehensive systematic lymphadenectomy in addition to SLNB. RESULTS: The study included 105 female patients, of whom 71 underwent SLN and full lymphadenectomy and 34 underwent only SLN. There was bilateral mapping in 92 (87.61%) patients, with no mapping in one patient. In 18 patients, ICG dye was reinjected. With the exception of one, the rest had successful mapping after reinjection. The sensitivity of the SLN-ICG algorithm was 92.3%, and the negative predictive value was 98.3%. Ultrastaging necessitated upstaging in 8.57% of patients. CONCLUSION: With a very high negative predictive value, SLN mapping with ICG dye has a high degree of diagnostic accuracy in detecting lymph node metastases in EC. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]